Madrid Solar Decathlon Europe is a biennial competition aimed at creating a home powered by solar energy, whose participants are multi-disciplinary University teams selected worldwide. In 2012, the group formed by teachers and students from the University of Rome 3 and the Sapienza was the first Italian team to participate in the competition. The proposed project, called Med in Italy, was ranked 1st in Sustainability, 2nd in House Functioning, 3rd in Architecture, Electrical and Energy Balance and in Communication & Social Awareness, also earning an honorable mention for the Social housing in Mediterranean areas. The resulting model was inspired by Mediterranean houses of Roman origin: it is a house overlooking a courtyard, located so as to enjoy the best light and ventilation conditions and can be built using locally available materials. With a surface area of 50 square meters, the house has five key attributes: it is passive (the walls acts as a thermal insulator), active (produces all the energy it needs), fast (can be built in a week), eco-friendly (constructed using only natural recyclable materials) and compact (it lends itself to horizontal and vertical additions and extensions according to patterns adapted from time to time depending on the location context). It can also be constructed everywhere, from areas with a Mediterranean climate, to deserts and mountainous areas.
MED IN ITALY
by Università di Roma Tre, Sapienza Università di Roma
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Name
MED IN ITALY
Type
Product selected to take part in the Solar Decathlon Europe 2012 competition. Sustainability and social design.
client
ROMA TRE - ADIMEMBER
(DIPARTIMENTO DI TECNOLOGIA DELL’ARCHITETTURA E DI ECONOMIA),
SAPIENZA UNIVERSITÀ DI ROMA - ADIMEMBER
(DIPARTIMENTO DATA)
concept and architectural project design:
UNIVERSITÀ DI ROMA TRE (C. TONELLI team leader),
SAPIENZA UNIVERSITÀ DI ROMA (T. PARIS, V. CRISTALLO, S. LUCIBELLO team leader)
materials
There are numerous innovations: natural insulating material using wood fibre to keep temperatures constant within the house; aluminium pipes filled with sand within the walls to simulate the characteristics of a traditional masonry wall; ceilings fitted with plasterboard panels through which hot or cold water pipes pass, as required.
technologies
The photovoltaic panels which cover the west and east sides of the house, as well as the roof, guarantee a supply of free electricity. Wood is the predominant material, used firstly as insulation, then for the fittings and inside floors. Outside the floors are made from an eco-friendly plastic made out of byproducts from olive oil production. All the furnishings can be dismantled and used again.
Company Contacts
Università di Roma Tre
00185 Roma
+39 0657332971
www.uniroma3.it

Sapienza Università di Roma
00196 Roma
+39 0649919068
www.uniroma1.it

Istituto di Ricerca Ambiente Italia
20129 Milano (MI)
+39 02277441
www.ambienteitalia.it

Designer Contacts
Università di Roma Tre
www.uniroma3.it

Sapienza Università di Roma
www.uniroma1.it

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